platinum mining traditionally

  • platinum mining, mining of platinum, platinum, platinum

    The mining of platinum ores is alike gold mining. The platinum orebody is a thin, tabular reef covering a vast area. This enables a progressive method of mining which includes the drilling of the reef and blasting it to advance the face. It combines the increased use of industralization and trackless-mining methods in steps.

  • Platinum Production Cost How High is too High

    As one can see, the platinum production costs go well beyond the mere act of pulling the metal from the ground. This is why we have different notions of platinum production costs. Traditionally, the industry used cash cost, which focused only on the mining and processing costs incurred

  • South Africa’s platinum miners, reeling from years of

    Aug 09, 2020· A series of mega open-cast projects in the traditional heartland of South Africa’s platinum belt risk being shelved, putting the future of 170,000 people in doubt.

  • Platinum Mining and Refining Education

    Learn all about platinum as a precious metal, and the centuries long processes of mining and refining that have made it so integral to many parts of the world. Enjoy a detailed discussion on the history of platinum mining and refining, including facts, figures, pictures and charts to help explain.

  • Platinum Mining in South Africa ProjectsIQ

    Platinum mining in South Africa, or mining for Platinum Group Metals (PGM), is widespread on the African continent, and South Africa holds over 80% of the world’s reserves. For investors interested in the PGM sector in Africa, South Africa seems to be the logical starting point. It has the lion’s share of the continent’s platinum mining

  • Platinum, Alaska Wikipedia

    Platinum was named in the 1930s due to the platinum ore found in the area. The site was a mining boomtown by 1937 boasting a roadhouse, two trading posts and a population of fifty. A post office had been established in 1935. An earlier Inuit village called Arviq had been abandoned. The town was incorporated as a city in 1975.

  • Top 10 Largest Platinum Mining Companies in the World (2018)

    Global platinum production has been dominated by the top 10 largest platinum mining companies in the world for last several decades. Although the demand and consumption of platinum remain high all over the world, the production of platinum is highly concentrated, with the top five largest platinum mining companies representing over 70% of the world’s total platinum output.

  • Platinum Wikipedia

    Platinum is a stone element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal.Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver".. Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements.It has six naturally occurring isotopes.

  • The five most expensive metals and where they are mined

    Mar 10, 2020· Platinum traditionally traded at a higher price than gold and combined with platinum’s rarity compared with gold, “platinum” as an adjective has come to be associated with a higher level of prestige than gold. Despite platinum’s troubles and gold now trading above it, that reputation has stayed.

  • Platinum giant South Africa forced by Covid-19 to look

    Anglo American Platinum Ltd. has delayed a decision until the second half of next year on whether to spend as much as $1.5 billion on expanding output at its key Mogalakwena mine.

  • Sylvania Still Looks Cheap After SA Palladium Mines

    Sep 01, 2020· The mining sector in South Africa restarted operations in May following a six-week lock-down due to COVID-19. Norilsk estimates point to a balanced palladium market in 2020 and 2021, but June

  • Traditional leaders and the politics of labour recruitment

    The growth of Zimbabwe’s platinum mining industry has led to entanglement of traditional authorities with mining capital. • Chiefs use autochthony to bargain for stone for the locals. • Chiefs exercise the role of labour brokers for Zimbabwe Platinum Mines (Zimplats) •

  • A Beginner's Guide to Precious Metals

    Mar 31, 2020· Precious metals like gold, silver, and platinum have been recognized as valuable for a very long time. Learn more about what it takes to invest in these prized commodities.

  • Mining and ‘community’ struggles on the platinum belt: A

    Aug 01, 2015· 3. ‘Traditional communities’ and South Africa’s platinum industry. The inclusion of rural communities in South Africa’s platinum mining industry must be seen in the light of the post-apartheid state’s redress mission.

  • Platinum Outlook 2020: Diverse Catalysts, Fluid Market INN

    “Platinum has underperformed; it’s traditionally been higher than the gold price,” Calandra told INN on the sidelines of the New Orleans Investment Conference.

  • 3 Technologies in Exploration, Mining, and Processing

    Ore has traditionally been defined as natural material that contains a mineral substance of interest and that can be mined at a profit. The costs of mine closure and reclamation of the site now constitute a significant portion of mining cost. as in the development of a palladium-platinum mine in Montana. Prototype mobile mining equipment

  • Environmental Risks of Mining

    Underground mining has the potential for tunnel collapses and land subsidence (Betournay, 2011). It involves large-scale movements of waste rock and vegetation, similar to open pit mining. Additionally, like most traditional forms of mining, underground mining can release toxic compounds into the air and water.


    Mining-selected waste (or simply mining waste) can be defined as a part of materials that result from the exploration, mining and concentration of substances governed by legislation on mines and quarries Identification of the environmental risks associated with such waste requires the

  • Born from the soil Africa is A Country

    Therefore, mining companies are increasingly being forced to forge alliances with these chiefs and making them play a key role in the recruitment of local labor. Such has been the case between Zimbabwe Platinum Mines (Zimplats), traditional chiefs and the local Mhondoro-Ngezi community in which Zimplats operates.

  • South African court resets power balance between villagers

    Nov 19, 2018· On the platinum-rich lands of the North West Province, for instance, chiefs and their traditional councils have assumed custodianship of

  • A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery

    Apr 14, 2014· But the gold mining labour system was largely replicated on the platinum belt to the northwest as well. Even now, a majority of miners in the Northwest Province are recruited from well beyond the


    Excluding Johannesburg, which was founded in 1886 and long ago diversified far beyond mining, six of South Africa's 16 largest towns measured by contribution to GDP are substantially dependent on mining. This includes not only platinum but also the mining of coal for the production of liquid fuel and electricity and the manufacture of various

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